by Remanufacturing, Rebuilding or Refurbishing
Edited by "Fernand J. Weiland" 2016
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Table of Contents
· Don’t throw away but Make-New-Again
By Fernand J. Weiland
Don’t throw away a product or equipment but consider making it new again because it will extend its lifespan and help to protect natural resources, saving energy and cutting carbon emissions. Moreover it will overall support a sustainable “circular economy” which will ultimately replace the “produce, use and discard economy”. For making-new-again, several processes do exits and will be described in this chapter.
· Remanufacturing and the Changing Social and Political Landscape
By Peter Bartel
Automotive Remanufacturing is one of the oldest and most developed remanufacturing industry. It has been around since 1940.Originally it was created in a period of limited availability of natural resources. But over time it was gradually be influenced by social needs and political decisions. The chapter which will follow is a description of its past evolution and its future development.
· Remanufacturing Opportunities for Home Appliances
By Regis Dando
The automotive industry for over 75 years has best exploited and developed the opportunity to remanufacture equipment and components. Other industry sectors have more recently embraced remanufacturing as part of a circular economy but the home appliance industry has not yet fully followed. Though this industry is committed to the recycling (shredding and recuperating material) it has not yet discovered remanufacturing or making new again. The objective of this chapter is to encourage the members of this industry to consider seriously this new profitable opportunity.
· Remanufacturing and Circular Economy in the IT Industry
By Klaus Hieronymi
Remanufacturing is an important business for all IT-manufacturers and – rather unknown – it is already practiced for a long time. The IT industry is remanufacturing complete products as well as spare parts and components. Almost all Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) have remanufacturing programs for their high-end devices, mainly involved in the B2B sector. OEM’s have started to explore the market of low-/ midrange products and are moving towards ‘dematerialization’, providing services instead of (only) hardware to their customers.
Remanufacturing of products and spare parts is an essential element of extending the current focus in Circular Economy, recovering and reusing the materials from retired products towards extending the usage-time of products.
OEM’s of the IT industry are ready to take on these challenges and business opportunities, but these activities need to be supported by adjusting legislation and international treaties like the Basel Convention to enable cross border shipments of spare parts and products for remanufacturing across borders while preventing loopholes for illegal waste transports.
· Medical Equipment – Make New Again
By Michael Schmit and Tracey Fox
The medical equipment remanufacturing global market has grown to $2 Billion with many players including Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) and smaller businesses alike. The major products are high cost capital equipment such as MR, CT and X-Ray. The benefits include environmental, cost and access to technology. The process to remanufacture medical equipment needs to be rigorous so that the equipment meets the demands placed on these highly regulated products. Trade associations are working to lift the restrictions and bans that exist to continue to promote this growing segment of the industry.
· Remanufacturing and the Environment
By Erik Sundin and Hui Mien Lee
This chapter explores 17 surveys found in the literature which show that remanufacturing is a preferable option from an environmental perspective in comparison to new manufacturing. In most cases, less material and energy resources are used for remanufacturing in comparison to manufacturing. To summarize what the environmental gains of remanufacturing are in comparison to manufacturing and material recycling according to the surveys, remanufacturing:
Uses less material resources – less material resources are required in comparison to the manufacturing of new products, especially in raw material extraction and part assembly.
Has a lower greenhouse effect – salvaging efforts in material extraction, part-making and product assembly reduce the amount of emissions to air in comparison to making new products.
Facilitates safer handling of hazardous materials – bringing back products for remanufacturing also brings back toxic and hazardous material that otherwise could end up in landfills or in recycled waste or recycling equipment. The disassembly of products in the remanufacturing process can facilitate a cleaner.
· Forklift Truck Remanufacturing
By Erik Sundin and Anders Nielsen
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APRA Symposium Birmingham 2016
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